How to use the Preschool Curriculum

Teaching preschoolers is great fun! This curriculum is designed for use with a three to five year old. Set aside an hour each morning for his “school”. You can teach him yourself, or you can assign an older child to take charge some of the time. If you are teaching other older siblings, you can just have your preschooler join in for some of the time that you sing, read aloud, do art, etc. and preschoolers will beg for their own school time with workbooks and assignments. But if you are teaching just preschoolers, here is how I do it.

No day is complete when it comes to learning unless it includes scripture study. My children love to hear My First Bible In Pictures for read-aloud and discussion. To help motivate my little ones during this time, I have used Bible Sticker Stories as an incentive chart. I let my child choose an sticker to put on the scene if they listen quietly through devotional time. More advanced preschoolers could earn the privilege of sticking on a sticker when they accomplish memorizing short Bible verses. I like to have Bible study time just before bed, or before school starts in the morning. If Daddy does it, it is even better!

Louisa Rides Her Scooter!

We begin homeschool with a flag salute. Even a 2 year old can say some of the Pledge of Allegiance. Then we have a prayer, and sing some songs together. If you start singing with your children at a young age, they will grow up singing, and it becomes a source of enjoyment rather than self-consciousness. I often teach my little ones new songs based on the upcoming holidays. Before Easter, we learned the song, “Jesus is Risen”. It is amazing how well a 3 to 5 year old can learn the words!

Next, I teach and discuss a principle or skill with my child that would help him develop. Basic life skills for a preschooler are knowing his parent’s names as well as his address and phone number, how to use the telephone, dial 911, cross the street (although I still require that someone walks them across), how to practice good safety habits, how to greet another person, and all the many other important skills for learning to function independently. I use library books on courtesy, manners, proper hygiene, and safety whenever I can find them. I raise my children on the Standin’ Tall book/CD sets. They teach virtues such as honesty, obedience, service, cleanliness, and a host of others.

My favorite book for teaching little ones how to act is The 21 Rules of This House. It includes small posters that you can color and tack up to memorize and discuss. I like to teach one rule at a time and post it. We work on that rule until we have learned it well. When we finish the entire 21 Rules, which takes months, we put each poster page into a page protector in a 3 ring binder and make a special book out of it to review at the beginning of home school. One way I use this book is to quiz my children by stating the rule and letting them finish saying it. I also help them notice good behavior times during the day when they are keeping the 21 Rules!

Remember that training in good habits is essential at this age. Discipline is imperative to the home school! Nothing can sabotage teaching your children faster than a child’s unwillingness to do what you say. If you have not taught your child to obey you the first time you talk to him, then that is the lesson he needs first. I practice with my little ones, even role play giving them a command, having them reply, “Yes, Mother” and move quickly to action. Teaching your children this pattern of “listen-respond-act” will serve them well their whole life and keep your homeschool happy and productive.

Next comes one of the parts of homeschool that I enjoy the very most: read-aloud time. It is incredible how much children learn this way. The best book I have ever found for giving reading recommendations at each level is Honey for a Child’s Heart. It describes wonderful books for read-aloud that promote Christian values. It has been an essential help in my homeschool and will provide you with many excellent book titles to find in your public library.

My homeschooled son Daniel reading to his daughters Rebekah and Abigail.

Children’s picture books make a great springboard to learning about the world! Library books can be wonderful for reading aloud too, but use caution as many of them contain magic, monsters, disrespect to parents and God, globalism, rights of the child, etc. Whenever I don’t screen the books at the library before my children check them out, I regret it. One incident I remember well: my little son asked me if I wanted a drink of vampire’s blood? (Shock!) I suspected where he got that idea, and hunted it down to a library book/tape set, that I had not screened carefully enough. It is up to us as parents to make sure that our vulnerable little ones get only the best!

Next in our homeschool, it is time for phonics. Start preparing your preschooler for reading by introducing the Lauri Perception Puzzles. The slight differences will train your child’s eye for future discrimination of letters.

For very young ones, I absolutely love the Kumon workbooks which are excellent for tracing, cut-and-paste, and learning to control a writing implement. Then progress to the book Adventures with Books (one of the Early Learning Workbooks series). Little ones will learn how to identify colors, count, color, write letters, and more from these fun workbooks.

When your little student is ready to learn his ABC’s and you want to start phonics, please try Happy Phonics. I guarantee that your children will love to do phonics lessons and that they will quickly learn to read by playing this collection of tried and true games that teach reading, step-by-step. I think the Explode the Code Primers are the best way to teach the handwriting of each letter, as well as reinforcing and practicing the phonics sounds taught in Happy Phonics. The workbooks give lots of practice and are varied and fun. Using the Explode the Code primers and Happy Phonics, you will be able to give your child the gift of reading in a fun and happy game format.

Fine motor coordination usually develops faster in girls than boys. You can aid it by using tracing to help your student learn to control a pencil. Paper clip a piece of tracing paper to a coloring book page and have your child trace over each line using a fat crayon or jumbo pencil. As he practices tracing, he will learn control and be ready to start writing. Using maze books is another great way to gain fine motor control of that pencil!

An important first writing lesson for a preschooler is his own name. Write your child’s name (capital first letter, small letters for the rest of their name) on the top of a piece of lined handwriting paper in yellow felt pen and let him trace over your writing. When your student is learning to form letters, it is important to really supervise and watch carefully that you are not allowing mistakes to become firmly cemented habits. Show him that you start most round letters ( such as a, c, d, f, g, etc.) on the right side and then go “up over the mountain and around”. Eventually advance to have him try writing his name without tracing your pattern. Explode the Code has good instructions and practice pages. Holding a pencil incorrectly can be the beginning of writing problems, so pay attention early and help him get into a good habit. Get a handwriting tablet with wide spaced lines so that he can practice writing the letters he learns, and practice writing his name. Using the chalkboard is great for little ones working on their letter formations.

Doing a little math daily helps form a habit that will last through your child’s school years. Even 5 minutes helps. You can easily teach your child to count 0-10, which is the main skill for preschoolers. I make up flashcards (0-10) to play with. Have your child put them in order, or count out beans or pennies to match each card’s numeral. You can teach them to write the numbers as soon as they are ready. If you want a good program, I recommend Singapore Math (Earlybird Textbooks) which is filled with colorful write-in pages that prepare your child to enjoy math.

If I am teaching an older child, my preschooler joins in for our Subject of the Day and picks up as much as he can. If you are teaching just a preschooler, you can use a unit study which integrates all subjects daily or you can focus on one subject such as History or Science or Art per day.

For American History study, I do part of a unit from I Love America (part 1). Using the song tape Songs and Music from I Love America makes it especially fun. My little ones love to sing the “Pocahontas” song. We study, look at, and discuss the states using a USA map or placemat (we eat on it, too). This is a good way to start state recognition. My 4 year old can locate our state plus both states where his grandparents live which is exciting to me!

For science, you couldn’t ask for better resources than the great outdoors. Grow a garden, care for pets, look at trees and leaves, take a nature walk—nature is the best teacher at this age! If you want some help, I would invest in equipment such as a bug viewer, magnets, binoculars or a magnifying glass, and the like.

Doing experiments has lots of appeal too: The Big Book of Play and Find Out has creative and fun hands-on experiments to help your little one get a first taste into chemistry, physics, biology, and more. Library books with drawings, photographs and information on animals and nature are a great addition.

Training your child to appreciate good music is a matter of exposure. Play fine music, such as the 25 Children’s Classics, during times when your little one is drawing or playing with Legos, so that your child learns early to love excellent music and hears a wide variety. As the child becomes familiar to music, introduce the Beginner Band in a Box and teach him how to keep time with the music.
Art seems to be the favorite subject of most preschoolers. At our house, we love to model clay and paint with watercolors on scrap paper! Preschoolers can’t seem to get enough Arts and Crafts time. I choose an art project to do from Scribble Art. (This is a good assignment for an older child in the family to teach and they enjoy it as much as your preschooler will.) By the way, it is an excellent investment to buy good art supplies as they can really make a difference in enjoying art time and producing a lovely work of art. I recommend purchasing the Jumbo Beeswax Crayons.

Dramatic play is exciting for preschool children. I browse yard sales and thrift shops for unique dress-up clothes. One pair of metallic gold elbow length evening gloves has been in our family for 20 years and every child has played with them, boys and girls alike. They have been robot arms, Cinderella’s costume, and part of many other imaginative creations. Hand puppets are also good for dramatic play.
Dance is a natural to little ones. You just have to provide a few twirly costumes and some good music. My little ones enjoy dancing along to All Time Favorite Dances.

Teaching preschoolers is so much fun! This is when the basic habits are being formed and you have tremendous influence on their future values. Whether you have a very eager little one, who is anxious to read, or a happy-go-lucky type that is content to move along at a slower pace, there is plenty you can do to make these very formative years productive. I hope you enjoy teaching your little ones.


Rebekah and Aunt Louisa

"Subject of the Day"—Simplify Your Homeschool

Does homeschooling feel overwhelming to you? So many subjects to teach . . . so many different age levels . . . such a frantic rush to get it all in?

If you are feeling this way, you may want to try the “Subject of the Day”. This plan is simply to choose one subject per day of the school week. I like to alternate fun subjects with more intense subjects, ending with a social activity or field trip on Friday. Plan it however you like, but post it on your fridge or wall, so that everyone has a sense of order.

Here’s one plan to give you an idea:

Monday: History
Tuesday: Literature Discussion
Wednesday: Science
Thursday: Fine Arts (music appreciation, art appreciation, drama)
Friday: field trips, or socializing with other homeschoolers

Each day, you know where you are headed, and that alone is a huge accomplishment. Teach all your children the same “Subject of the Day” as a group lesson, varying assignment difficulty according to each child’s abilities.

There will still be studies that are done daily like phonics, math, music practice, and journal writing. But, all-in-all, just having one teaching topic for mom to focus on each day reduces the overload feeling quickly! This group time can last from 45 minutes to a few hours and can include discussion of reading assignments, giving reports, looking at pictures in books together, watching a video clip, reading aloud, and doing projects, or experiments. Having just one subject allows in-depth study, and time to really absorb and explore the topic together and enjoy!

Recently, in my homeschool, we studied the topic of Weathering on our Science Day. We are following an Earth Science course. You can teach the same topic to all age levels at the same time with just a little modification. We read about and discussed the effects of the elements on the earth: how wind and water wear away and crack rocks, and reduce rock eventually into sand and soil. We studied pictures in textbooks and library books. We saw photos on the internet of how statues have had their details worn down by weathering. We talked about the Delicate Arch formation created by weathering. We searched for examples around our own neighborhood: flaking bricks, cracks where plants have grown in a sidewalk, potholes in a road, root pry from a tree breaking up a fence. We could visit the cemetery and look at the details on old graves, how their engraving is being worn away by the weather. This is fun!

It takes just the same amount of teacher preparation to teach all the kids as it does one child. Older children can be assigned more in-depth reading and reports. Young ones can do easy projects. The whole family can learn together and it really does take the pressure off mom with the “Subject of the Day”!

Who God Trusts

Parenting is a big deal!

In the eternal scheme of things, what a parent does, or does not do, is crucial! No, it is more than that: it is life-threatening! Even more—it is civilization-threatening!

Did you realize you had so much power?

Who does God trust? In Genesis 18: 19, God is speaking to Abraham telling him he can trust him to raise his children to honor God, and to live true to the values Abraham holds dear.

“For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the Lord, to do justice and judgment; that the Lord may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him” (which was, that all the nations of the earth would be blessed through his seed).

To have God trust you is a huge compliment. It is not enough for us to live a righteous life ourselves, but we must do all we can to ensure that our children will honor God. If it takes all of our time and best effort, so be it.


Samuel hears the voice of God

Remember the story of the boy prophet Samuel, the son promised to his infertile mother? When her beloved child is weaned, she brings him to the temple to be taught and reared by Eli, the high priest. Eli hasn’t got a very good track record. He already has his own two sons, who should have been the rightful heirs, but he isn’t doing so well with training them. In fact, God says:

“I will judge [Eli's] house forever for the iniquity which he knoweth; because his sons made themselves vile, and he restrained them not”. 1 Samuel 3: 13

Eli and his two sons, and even his son’s wife (who was in childbirth at the time) met a sad fate because of a parent’s unwillingness to make his children mind him. They were all killed in the very same day.

Never underestimate the work you are doing as a parent!

It matters.

It matters.

It matters.

To My Grown Up Son

I first heard this poem when I was a very young mother and it still pulls at my heartstrings and makes me resolve to be there for my kids!

To My Grown Up Son

My hands were busy through the day,
I didn’t have much time to play

The little games you asked me to.
I didn’t have much time for you.

I’d wash your clothes, I’d sew and cook,
But when you’d bring your picture book

And ask me, please, to share your fun,
I’d say, “A little later, Son.”

I’d tuck you in all safe at night,
And hear your prayers, turn out the light,

Then tiptoe softly to the door.
I wish I’d stayed a minute more.

For life is short, and years rush past,
A little boy grows up so fast.

No longer is he at your side.
His precious secrets to confide.

The picture books are put away,
There are no children’s games to play,

No good-night kiss, no prayers to hear.
That all belongs to yesteryear.

My hands once busy, now lie still
The days are long and hard to fill.

I wish I might go back and do
The little things you asked me to.

The "1/3 Plan" for Kids

When I just began homeschooling 20 years ago, I heard an elderly educator* give her “One Third Plan” for how to plan a child’s day. I was intrigued!

Once I took my children out of public school into homeschooling, I really wondered what I was supposed to be doing with them all day long. I wanted with all my heart to raise them right and to teach them what they would need to be happy, faithful, upright people who benefited the world in which they lived. I couldn’t keep them busy in homeschool from dawn to dusk, but I didn’t want them free playing all the time either. I thought long and hard about it, so when I heard the “One Third Plan”, I was all ears!

According to this dear speaker, a child’s “workday” (aside from grooming, eating, sleeping, devotional), was to be divided into 3 parts:

1-Study

This was homeschool—reading, studying, learning, experiments, writing, doing projects, practicing music, and other mind-developing pursuits. This can be the most fun part of the day. When my boys were young, they always begged to do home school instead of outside work on a hot day!

2-Service

Another 1/3 of a child’s day was to be spent doing for others: helping those in need, doing chores for the family, working in the garden (to sustain the family and share with others), serving neighbors, friends, and community. This is the hallmark of a true Christian, and it is essential children learn to serve others while they are young. Talk about who needs help at the dinner table, brainstorm what to do, and then engage them in your efforts to do for others, and they will learn at your side.

3-Work

The last 1/3 of the child’s “workday” is to be devoted to developing his own little business, and working for his own money. We spend our adult lives daily dealing with money, and meeting our needs through working, producing and purchasing. Learning to work and learning money handling skills as a child is vital. When a child can see the fruits of his own labor and knows the freedom of spending his money as he wishes (even wasting it and learning the hard way), a whole new dimension of accountability and confidence settles over his personality and there is tremendous growth!

My children have had a host of little businesses, from selling eggs, to growing pumpkins, making jewelry, running clubs, and teaching classes or lessons. They have done simple assembly work, house-sitting, and more. They have also babysat and weeded and had other hourly jobs, teaching them the necessity of discovering what you love to do, rather than trading your time for something you find dreary. Hourly jobs also taught them that education was going to make a big difference in their future lifestyle as an adult.

Late afternoons, when the workday is done, there is time for friends and free time. Evenings when Daddy comes home—it is time to eat dinner together, visit with each other, read aloud, play games, crochet, listen to music together, draw, build legos, and enjoy relaxing.

The culture we live in is one in which kids are seriously over-entertained, and isolated from conversation with family members. Pop in a DVD. Play X-Box. Listen to your i-pod. Text your friends on your cell phone. While I haven’t always followed it, I have often thought of the “One Third Plan” over my years of raising children. It wouldn’t hurt American children, even a little bit!

*(I believe the idea came from Dorothy Moore)

Tricky English

No wonder the English language is so very difficult to learn . . .

We must polish the Polish furniture.

He could lead if he would get the lead out.

The farm used to produce produce.

The dump was so full that it had to refuse more refuse.

The soldier decided to desert in the desert.

This was a good time to present the present.

(And this last could mean “gift” or “era of time “)

A bass was painted on the head of the bass drum.

When shot at, the dove dove into the bushes.

I did not object to the object.

The insurance was invalid for the invalid.

The bandage was wound around the wound.

There was a row among the oarsmen about how to row.

They were too close to the door to close it.

The buck does funny things when the does are present.

They sent a sewer down to stitch the tear in the sewer line.

To help with planting, the farmer taught his sow to sow.

The wind was too strong to wind the sail.

After a number of injections, my jaw got number.

Upon seeing the tear in my clothes I shed a tear.

I had to subject the subject to a series of tests.

How can I intimate this to my most intimate friends?

(. . . and we wonder why our children can’t spell!)

Times-Tables Fun

Mastering the math facts is one of the journeys and victories of childhood. The sooner they are learned to the “automatic-response” stage, the better! All math that follows requires the basic addition and mulitiplication facts. One mathematics professor at the university said that most of the problems his Calculus students misssed on tests were due to math fact errors, not because they didn’t know the formulas!

In our homeschool, we have enjoyed this simple game for a quick review of the multiplication facts along with fun and smiles. Here’s how to make a quick and simple version for immediate play!

Get a stack of blank 3 x 5 index cards (or cut cardstock into cards). Get either two different colors of index cards, or white index cards and use 2 colored markers (red and blue are good). If you use colored ink and white cards, put a little sticker, or make a star or happy face or squiggle on the back of each card in the same ink color, so they are easy to sort into stacks.

On the first color of cards (or on a white card using red marker), write up the “answer” cards, one number to a card:
6
9
12
15
16
18
20
21
24
25
27
28
30
32
35
36
40
42
45
48
49
56
63
64
72
81

On a different color of index cards, or In blue marker, write up the “problem cards”, one problem to a card:
3 x 2=
3 x 3=
3 x 4=
3 x 5=
3 x 6=
3 x 7=
3 x 8=
3 x 9=
4 x 4=
4 x 5=
4 x 6=
4 x 7=
4 x 8=
4 x 9=
5 x 5=
5 x 6=
5 x 7=
5 x 8=
5 x 9=
6 x 6=
6 x 7=
6 x 8=
6 x 9=
7 x 7=
7 x 8=
7 x 9=
8 x 8=
8 x 9=
9 x 9=

To play the game, set the 2 stacks of card face down in the center of the table. Each player takes 7 “answer “cards and lays them face up before him. Then the first player takes one “problem” card from the stack and turns it face up. If he has the answer to the problem amongst his 7 answer cards, they make a set, and the player draws an “answer” card to replace the one he used. Then he draws again from the “problem” stack and tries to make sets as long as he can continue. If he can no longer answer the problem with one of his answer cards, he discards the problem to the face-up discard stack. The next player may draw from either the discard stack or the face down stack, and make sets as long as he is able to continue. The winner is the one with the most cards once the problem stack is gone.

You can customize (and shorten) this game by just working on the “3′s”, for example, or just on the one’s that need extra practice. This game can also be made up in an addition facts version for younger siblings wanting to play too.

A quick game is just right to start math studies each day, and makes every happier, and smarter!

To Test or Not To Test? That is the Question

Ammon cuts one of his home-grown melons

Test!

That one word can strike terror in the hearts of kids and moms alike.

What is a test for? Should testing be a part of homeschooling? Are the scores accurate? Do my children need outside testing by the school district to determine their grade level and their weaknesses and strengths?

New homeschoolers often worry that their children need testing. Our society seems to base worthiness or excellence on test scores. But testing is really a crutch to use if you don’t know your students. Any mom knows that talking to your child for 5 minutes about the subject in question, or observing him for 5 minutes at a skill, will uncover every secret. No need for test scores. Their “level” is obvious if you know your child.

My son Ammon enrolled in a Botany class at our local high school. On the first day, he discovered he was one of two students, and the other student was not interested in Botany. As the semester wore on, the teacher administered hour-long tests for this class. One day I talked to Ammon about the nonsense of this, and he asked his teacher if he could just take a simple oral test with the teacher, and save both the time it took for the instructor to make up the tests for just 2 students, and the class time spent (wasted) taking the test, and correcting it. The teacher agreed!

Ammon came home from the class quipping, “Now I know why they give tests. It is to give those who aren’t interested and don’t study a chance!” Then he explained how the teacher began his oral examination by asking Ammon to explain details of the process of growth and the parts of the plant involved, etc. Ammon was truly interested, and had poured over the books eager to learn, so it was pretty easy to get him fully involved talking excitedly about the subject. Then the other student had his turn. Ammon said he was so uncomfortable and embarrassed for this student, who—painfully obvious to all—had not studied. Multiple choice tests protect the uninterested and uninformed!

Tests serve to categorize the masses according to score. Of course, scores are not an accurate assessment of the whole person. My son Ammon has a scientific mind. He is methodical and very intelligent, particularly in the sciences. He isn’t a perky fast-thinker, fast-moving person like my daughter Emily. He slowly mulls things over, considering all ramifications, sometimes for a far longer time that his impatient mother can stand! This is a personality trait. But you can imagine how the scores turn out for my son Ammon on a timed test that requires whizzing through the problems at a rapid rate. They are far from accurate in representing Ammon’s knowledge.

Can you train your child to do well on tests? Well, probably as well as you can train a circus animal to jump through a hoop. But why? Is “testing” a skill that will serve him well all his life? I don’t think I’ve taken a test since I took my last driver’s license test eons ago. (Well, maybe a medical test, but that doesn’t count!)

Spend your time putting the information in, letting your children soak up the delight of learning. Don’t spend your time and energy trying to extract information from them. It doesn’t prove anything that you can’t learn in a short conversation with your child.

Why Listen?

“Pick up your shoes!”

“Clear the table!”

“You’ve left your coat on the couch.”

“Don’t leave a wet towel on your bedroom floor!”

Sound familiar? I sometimes feel like I am a repeating public announcement: “Keep your hands and feet inside the vehicle until it comes to a complete stop” . . . “No smoking in the terminal”.

I don’t want to be a nag, and I know kids can easily go “parent deaf” if much of our communication is just remind-remind-remind. I was thinking hard about this when it hit me—why should they listen?! Is there any benefit involved? Is there any good reason to tune in to a parent’s constant reminders? Or is it just mom going through the drill of repeating, reminding and nagging?

Having had this brilliant thought, it occurred to me to make it worth Louisa’s while to pick up the towel off her bedroom floor—or better yet, to motivate her not to ever throw it there in the first place. This was my biggest gripe and my constant nag, so—without any fanfare—I posted a note on the bathroom mirror: “$1 charge for a towel on the floor”.

Guess how many times she paid $1? Actually just once! Unfortunately, I had trained her to ignore me, to know that I would repeat it over a few more times before expecting action. So, she didn’t really believe that I meant what I posted. I saw the towel on her floor and playfully demanded payment with out-stretched hand: “Aha! I caught you! One dollar, please!”

Oh my, I was for real! Now there was a reason to listen. Now she was on guard! It became worth her while to regulate herself.

This didn’t make me feel very good. Oh, yes, I was thrilled to be able to stop reminding her, but I felt rather bad that I had allowed myself to become a negative background noise. The cure was just too easy. That was 3 months ago and it is still working. There have been no towels on her floor ever, even though the note is long gone. Why? Well, it finally became beneficial for her to change her behavior. I wish I could have realized that earlier, and saved my breath!

Next time you open your mouth to issue a command, to nag or remind, ask yourself, “why should they listen?” Once there is a reason that benefits them, they’ll hear quite well even if it is whispered just once, or posted without a word.

To your parenting success!

Egg Carton School

I am always looking for ways to “fun up” learning, and this one is a hit . All you need is an egg carton to make practicing facts fun. For little ones, you can practice color or number recognition, or beginning letter sounds. Elementary age children can drill their addition facts or times tables, or practice more advanced phonics sounds. Even 12-year-olds think it is fun to do their math facts practice this way.

Simply write the information you want drilled on stickers and place them inside each egg carton cup. Add a token (a nut, penny, marble, button or small stone) and have your child shake, shake, shake! When they open the carton and find the nut, they name the number or say the phonics sound.

If you want to drill math facts, put 2 tokens in the egg carton. Now shake! Open the egg carton and add (or multiply) the 2 numbers that have tokens in their egg cups.

Here are some games to make and play:

Color Recognition for Toddlers

Use markers or tempera paint to color the inside of each egg cup.

Number Recognition

Use numbers 0-11, and one token.

Easy Addition

Use numbers 0, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 2 tokens.

Multiple Digit Addition

Use numbers above and 3 tokens, so you will be adding together 3 numbers.

Advanced Addition

Use numbers 4, 4, 5, 5, 6, 6, 7, 7, 8, 8, 9, 9 and 2 or 3 tokens.

Multiplication

Use numbers 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 7, 8, 8, 9, 9, 10 and 2 tokens.

Letter Recognition

Use alphabet letters and 1 token, asking your child to say the letter name (not the sound it makes).

Phonics sounds

Start with simple consonants: b, d, f, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, r, s. Next use the rest of the simple consonants and more complex consonants, and later, the phonics units (such as th, sh, wh, qu, ee, ai, ea, eigh, ch, ay, igh, ou).

Scramble some eggs, and take time to play!

Diane