Gratitude Journal

 

Isaac_bouncingGrumpy attitudes?

Kids complaining?

You getting weary?  

Here’s a quick fix! I read my Gratitude Journal whenever I need a lift!

A Gratitude Journal can just be a document on your desktop of your computer, that you write on every Sunday, for example. Or a list on your fridge or bulletin board that you try to jot on daily. As a title I have written at the top, “What am I grateful for today?”

The point is that being thankful is “good medicine”—it helps you put your problems into perspective and moves you in the right direction of trying to focus on what is going well in your life or on simple comforts. We are used to making “to do” lists that require our energy and work to accomplish. But making a list of what we appreciate, what is pleasant for us, requires no effort on our part other than recognizing happiness. It is a very positive experience.

crocus-582980_1280To make an entry, I write the date and then number 1 to 4 on the lines below. Then I consider what I am truly grateful for and jot it down, just by keyword or phrase. I don’t read any of the other entries first, but try to use my own original thoughts at the moment and make my entries unique. I try to choose something besides the obvious (my family, my house, my car, my health, my freedom, etc.)  Children may find it more fun to draw their 4 choices, rather than write them. Moms may find that more fun too!  See my watercolor journal here!

This little exercise doesn’t take much time, but it makes a huge difference in my outlook. Reading back over a few entries—after I’ve written —I am always amazed that my gratitude is prompted by such simple things. Here are a few random examples, looking back in my Gratitude Journal:

April 4
1. A wispy cloud next to the mountain.
2. I am not ill.
3. The daffodils are blooming
4. My new grandbaby!

August 11
1. The morning is cool and the rooster is crowing.
2. There is an abundance of inspiring religious art and music in this day,
compared to the time I grew up in.
3. Louisa cleaned my bedroom for a surprise!
4. Carpeting that is so soft and such a pretty color of green

January 27
1. Time to sit and rest.
2. My laptop computer that makes life so easy
3. My wonderfully naturally curly hair
4. Fire and how it comforts me (candles)

orange-188082_1280Of course, there are days when I feel hard-pressed to come up with even just one thing to be grateful for! I know that sounds absurd to even say, living in America with so many freedoms and privileges and luxuries. This is an especially good exercise for me on those days. I have listed such simple things as “oranges” in my Gratitude Journal. When problems weigh you down, perhaps that is the only thing you can identify to appreciate!

And there are the days that you find it difficult to stop at #4. That helps too. It helps in reading back to see that life is up and down, and when you are feeling low, seeing that pattern helps you have hope and know that you’ll have “overflowing blessings” days in the future.

There’s another reason for keeping this journal. Think how well your children or grandchildren—and generations unborn—will we be able to see right down into your heart and life in a positive light through your Gratitude Journal!

Once you get in the habit, you’ll find everyone’s attitude improves when looking for things to appreciate!

 

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Kids Can’t Spell?

ammonsbeet

Ammon shows off a big beet he grew

It is an all-too-common problem. Kids can’t spell, teenagers can’t spell, even many adults can’t spell. Thank goodness for spell-check on the computer. It has helped the problem enormously!

Learning to write is pretty important, as we use if daily in our communication. Nothing blows “lookin’ smart” faster than misspelling a common word. It’s like saying “ain’t”—only on paper!

Spelling the English language is very tricky! Just consider the ee sound. There are eight ways to spell the ee sound: chief, seat, beet, receive, key, he, Judy, ski. Now you can see why English is a bear to spell.

Should you teach your children all those long spelling rules? Generally, I say no. By the time a person can understand those detailed rules, they are usually old enough to have figured out how to spell. Who can remember or make sense of such a rule as this: “Double the final consonant before a suffix beginning with a vowel if the word has only one syllable or is accented on the last syllable and the word ends in a single consonant preceded by a single vowel”!  Not me!

image-1There are some rules that I teach when a child is good and ready (meaning that he is regularly misspelling these words in his own writing and could remember and benefit from a rule to go by). Teaching commonly misspelled words will help your writing tremendously, and many are simple to remember with memory clues.

Some very common spelling mistakes (below) can each be learned in 5 minutes. They are worth memorizing.  I make a flashcard with the word on the front and the clues on the back.  I read the clue to my child, then expose the front of the card when he has spelled the word, so he can self-correct. It doesn’t take long until these are mastered.

To, Two, Too

Two is the number 2, that’s easy enough. So eliminate that one by learning it first!

Too has two o’s; it has more than enough, which is the meaning of the word too, as in too much fun, too many cookies, etc. Too means “also,” too!

To is the word that we see most commonly. It only has one o, and it means “in the direction of,” as in “to the store,” we also use it with verbs, such as “to dance.”

It is, It’s, Who’s, Whose

It’s and who’s are contractions of the words it is and who is .

It is = it’s

Who is = who’s

The apostrophe shows that some letters have been squeezed out by the contraction. (That’s my way of explaining it to my kids. They have been through enough pregnancies with me to know what a contraction is!)

Its and whose show ownership. Its paws, for example, when talking about your cat. These words don’t need an apostrophe any more than the word his, which also shows ownership. Ask yourself, “Whose coat? Who’s there?” If you can separate the words into who is, then you want the word with the apostrophe (who’s).

Watch Out for the Schwa!

Screen Shot 2015-04-29 at 5.59.30 PMWhat is a schwa? That is the upside down and backward “e” that you see in dictionary spellings. This is the symbol for the uh sound you hear when you say the word A-mer-i-ca. A schwa comes about in a language simply because people talk fast and get sloppy about articulating every syllable and vowel sound. Usually we hear the vowels (a, e, i, o, u) turn into a schwa on the unaccented syllable. This is okay for reading because you can quickly figure out that the word has a softened to a shwa sound in such words as America, above, other, etc. But it makes spelling a nightmare! Which letter should you use when all you hear is uh? Most people will use a u since it makes an uh sound. But that guess is usually wrong.

I teach my children to spell words with schwas by pronouncing them clearly and phonetically. Instead of saying other, I enunciate clearly: “AW-ther.” Become is pronounced “bee-cAWm.” They learn to spell the exaggerated pronunciation and can remember it even when the word is spoken with the schwa.

Memory tricks are also a great way to help children remember spelling. I was taught to spell together by remembering to get her so we can be together. I still remember that clue. Tomorrow can be confusing . . . how many m’s? You won’t misspell it once you remember that it means to (or on the) morrow. I still say aloud NECK-e-sary when I want to spell necessary. The neck helps me remember that there is a c in it, even though it doesn’t sound like it.

Keep at it, they’ll get it! (So will we moms.)

 

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Writing in My Homeschool

emily_journals

Emily with the journals she wrote growing up!

Come take a peek inside my homeschool. Here’s how I teach writing! And it works—one of my sons got a perfect score on the English portion of the ACT test for college.

Journal Writing

Each day I expect my students to write a journal entry. I use the number of their grade in school as a number of paragraphs they must write in their journal. So a 4th grader must write 4 paragraphs, and Louisa who is 8th grade is writing 8 paragraphs. They can write about anything under the sun, anything they are interested in! One of my sons actually spent about a whole school year of journal writing on the subjects of knights and castles and medieval weaponry! He sure had enthusiasm for the subject! And as long as he was writing, I believe he was learning. He mastered the spelling of such words as chivalry and catapult when he was 10 years old, because it was a necessary daily word in his writing!

homeschooling-journalEach journal entry is illustrated—in any medium: stickers, crayons, paint, colored pencils, etc. . . . another opportunity for fun! My children look back now at their childhood school journals as precious treasures, and are so glad they have them! I told my little children to do their very best writing work because their own children would want to read them someday, plus they themselves could get to know the little child that they were—through reading their own childhood journals.

Yesterday, Emily (20) nostalgically showed me a little chart she discovered that she had created years ago in her childish scrawl that showed her “rools”. Now Emily is a very organized gal who likes rules to be kept, and we can see that it started early! Here is her chart:

emilys_rules

Childhood writing helps you catch a glimpse into the heart and nature of a child, and keeps a chronicle of what was important to them. Why not use your writing time with your children to create a meaningful journal? I walk you through the steps in my Journal and Language Arts Program.

Typing

image-2The sooner a child can learn to type this journal, the better! Why? Don’t I want them to practice handwriting? I do think neat penmanship is important, but we live in a changing world in which keyboarding is at least as important as handwriting. The biggest reason for learning to type is to unleash the stories in your child’s mind. Have you ever told your child you would type or write out his story as he told it to you? And did he keep going and going and going? Until you begged him to finish up? Now, why doesn’t that happen when your child sits down to write? Because the mind is full of imagination, but it is hampered by the inability to write quickly. Teaching your child to type will make writing so much easier for him! And eventually teaching him to use a word processing program and the spelling and thesaurus tools will make him into a better speller and writer!

How early should you teach typing? I don’t think 5 years is too young. The sooner his fingers can master typing, the free-er his writing can become. Of all the products on the market, I prefer Typing Instructor because of its good educational content, and fun games and exercises.

Spelling

image-3“My child writes and writes, but she is an atrocious speller!” I hear that a lot from homeschoolers, and here is how I handle it in my homeschool. As I correct my child’s writing, I choose the most important misspelled words each day to put on his spelling list. Even if there are many errors, the limit is 8-10 spelling words a week per child. (This is explained in depth in my Journal and Language Arts Program.) So, suppose today’s journal writing has 15 errors. I help my child correct those errors, but I only choose the 2 most common misspelled words for him to record on his spelling list that day, and work on learning that week. As the week progresses each day, his spelling list builds to 8-10 words only. More than that can be overwhelming to a child and feel discouraging. We want them to write their ideas but not get bogged down in the mechanics of our language. Spelling is a skill that is built day-by-day, slowly and surely. For more spelling help, see Teach Any Child to Spell.

image-4Vocabulary

A good vocabulary is developed by listening to others speak well, and use new words. Children can figure out a lot by context, and will try those words out in their own conversation. Reading, once again, is imperative to developing vocabulary. When we are ready for formal acquisition of new words, around age 10 or 11, I always turn to Vocabulary Cartoons, the most fun and sticks-with-you program I’ve ever found for learning important words!

Grammar

My attitude towards grammar is that it is a fine tuning of English, and kids need to learn English first, befimage-5ore grammar! Learn to form your letters correctly, write sentences that start with a capital, end with ending punctuation and make sense. That is the challenge. Advance to paragraphs, and now at about 3rd grade, I think it is time for a little bit of grammar, but not overkill. I love Winston Grammar because it can be played like a game, and that’s how I do it in my homeschool. A good writer naturally copies the language he hears about him, and if the grammar is good, he will write with good grammar.

Reading

Reading is a big, big part of being a good writer. The more a child sees words in correct sentence structure and well punctuated, the better he can copy them in his own writing. That’s why “copy work” (writing passages of good literature or quotes) is so valuable. A correct model is being followed and will make its impressions.

Enjoy writing in your homeschool!

 

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Teaching an Older Child to Write

Question:

I have a 9th grade daughter that really struggles in writing. She does not like writing so it has always been a battle and I have not pushed it nearly enough. Now I find she is really behind in writing and I am feeling panicked because writing is so important to every other subject. Do you have any suggestions of how to help an older student learn to be a better writer? I really feel like I have failed her.

I do have your Journal and Language Arts program and will be using that with my 4th grade son soon. Should I use that to get my daughter started too?

Answer:

Yes, I would start your daughter on the Journal program too.  It is a great way to learn to write!  You can use a notebook with wide ruled paper (or have her type it on the computer, teaching her how to use the spell check feature).  Every day, have her write a journal entry of at least 3 paragraphs.  At first, do not comment on grammar, spelling, neatness, correctness. Just get her writing. She can write about anything she wants—no restrictions on topic or use of slang, etc.  You are just trying to get her writing.

1408So, for the first week, have her write her 3 daily paragraphs.  If this is too overwhelming, start with sentences—such as 5 sentences, and then move up your requirement every few days or week, until she is writing 3 paragraphs per day.  If she is totally stumped, get Kid Talk and have her choose a card to write about each day.  Note: this is not her private journal, which she will keep on her own. This is her “School Journal”.  She can choose any subject, but you have to be able to read it.

Once she is writing daily and it is going smoothly, then it is time to ease her into self-correcting. Start by teaching her the spell check feature on your computer—misspelled words are visible as the underlined words.  Teach her how to check the word using the spell check feature.  Have her copy and paste the corrected word onto a spelling list document. This spelling list should be studied daily, along with the new words being added to it daily from her writing.  On Friday, give her a spelling quiz.  Any misspelled words from the quiz go onto next week’s spelling document.  Have her print the corrected version, hole punch it, and store it in a binder.

homeschooling-how to spell it-1171If she is doing her writing by hand in a journal,  have her write in either pencil or erasable pen so it can be corrected, and when you check her work, put a little erasable tick mark in pencil at the beginning of the sentence that has a misspelled word, and let her try to figure which word it is.  Often she will say, “Oh, I thought that was misspelled” and identify the word.  Have her correct the word and add it to the spelling list as described above, and study for the Friday quiz.  A book I really recommend is How to Spell it, because no matter how the word is spelled, she will be able to find it in this handy book, and correct the spelling.

Keep working on having her identify and correct her spelling for a few weeks.  If she is misspelling a large number of words, then just choose the most common words to correct.  Work at it gradually until she learns those words and can spell them correctly in her writing, and then move on to correcting more words.  Don’t overwhelm her. Nobody wants to write if they have to go back and correct every third word! Ten spelling words per week is plenty.

As soon as she adjusts to having her spelling corrected and to working on looking things up (before she misspells them), you can move on to the next step, which is getting her punctuation correct, and making sure she capitalizes words properly.  You can find the rules for punctuation in my Journal and Language Arts program.

Keep going with this, working through the mechanics of good writing, all via her daily writing (on her choice of topics).  Don’t worry about topic. My son spend an entire year writing about knights and medieval times and how to build catapults, and his writing still improved dramatically!  The topic doesn’t matter, and allowing them total freedom to choose a topic keeps their interest high.

4080When she is accustomed to daily writing, and is able to correct any errors you note when you check her daily writing, she is ready for a good writing program.   I like the Wordsmith series, starting with Wordsmith Apprentice.

Just ease into it, step by step, and you’ll soon see her writing improve dramatically, and maybe she’ll really enjoy it and want to write stories, poems and more.

You’re on your way!

 

 

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Teaching Children to Write the Natural Way

My daughter Louisa has kept her school journals since she was 4 years old. What a treasure they are now! A whole childhood recorded.

My daughter Louisa has kept her school journals since she was 4 years old. What a treasure they are now! A whole childhood recorded.

I would like to share with you some of the things we’ve done in our homeschool that have really worked so well over the years. Teaching my children to write  has been a joy to teach, and any mother can easily do it without any expensive program.

I start when a child is very young—before he can even write his name—and we begin keeping a journal. I like the idea of this habit because it will help your child develop into an articulate thinker and writer.  And it is important, creating a history for generations to come.

I start by having my little child stand beside me while I type on the computer. I ask him to tell me about something, some event that has happened recently. It can be seeing a butterfly, or getting a bloody toe, or any thing significant or insignificant. At first, the going can be a bit rough, but as you practice this habit of writing as your child dictates to you, he will be on the lookout for ideas and will come to you and ask you to “write in his journal”.

So, you type while he talks. Keep it short (children can go on forever). I say something like, we are going to fill the page halfway, or set some other limit. I leave a blank half page at the top so he can illustrate his story when it is printed out. Of course, you don’t have to type it, you can write it out in handwriting (printed neatly, not cursive).

When you are able to teach your child to write his name (about age 4), he will have the motor skills to advance to the next step, which is tracing. Using very wide lined paper (5/8” spacing), have your child dictate one sentence that he’d like to tell about. You write the words in yellow marker (highlighters work well) or light colored pencil. It should be clear to see. Then you give him the job of tracing your very neatly lettered sentence using a dark colored marker or fat crayon or pencil. With this exercise comes the awareness that thoughts are put into words on paper using letters that he can make himself. At first, this is slow going, and if my child has a lot to say, I type out the rest, or write it in dark letters that he won’t have to trace. A sentence is plenty for the first while.

As you child advances in learning phonics—recognizing the letters and their sounds—and in his ability to write letters, you can leave some very easy words blank. For example, if you child dictates to you, “We have a cat.”, you could write in yellow marker, “We have a —.” leaving space for the word “cat”. As your child traces his sentence, he can sound out the word and fill in the easy word “cat”. Naturally, during this period of learning, he is going to be held back from long journal entries by the fact that the going is slow when you are learning to trace or write the letters yourself.

The next step, after the “fill-in-your-own-word” thing, is to sit down with your child and ask him to write as much as he can of his sentence. This is where you teach him that every sentence begins with a capital letter and ends with a period. When he comes to a stumper, you write that word on a separate piece of paper so he can copy it. I never make my children look up words in a dictionary to discover their spelling at this point. We are trying to teach them how to write without too much discouragement. The slicker the process, the better for all.

Your child will stay at this level of writing until he is 6 or 7 years old, lengthening his journal entries from a few sentences to the front side of a page. At this point, I introduce a spelling dictionary and help him learn how to use it. If he comes to me needing the spelling of a word, I flip to it in the spelling dictionary for him and underline it. It doesn’t take long for a child to become independent in using it before asking for word spellings. There will still be some words you will need to write down for him to copy. Add them to his spelling dictionary.

You can make your own spelling dictionary by simply using a spiral bound writing notebook and putting a big “A” on the top line of the first page, skip a page or two and put a “B” on the top of the next page, and so forth.  Write in some commonly misspelled words on the “A” pages such as about, again, almost… Start by putting these commonly misspelled words into the spelling dictionary:

about, again, almost, also, always, anyone, are

before, buy, by, beautiful, because

can’t, could

didn’t, doesn’t, don’t

enough, except, excited, especially, everybody, everyone, everything

first, friends, favorite

getting, going

have, hole

I’m, into, it’s, its

knew, know

laugh, let’s

myself

new, no

off, one, our

people, probably

really, right

said, school, something, sometimes

that’s, their, then, there, they, they’re, threw, to, too, trouble, two, through, terrible

until, usually

very

want, was, wear, we’re, went, were

what, when, where, who, whole, with, won, won’t, write, wouldn’t, whether

your, you’re

The most commonly misspelled words for first graders to add to your spelling dictionary:

about, are, because, get, friends, like, little, people, play, nice, they, too, said, there, house, know, with, have, very, friend, my, would, went, want, were, when, was

For the most commonly misspelled words for second graders, add to the first grade list:

again, a lot, another, before, could, didn’t, favorite, our, once, outside, scared, upon

The reason I don’t let my children “guess-spell” is that it forms a first impression of the spelling of the word, and if it is wrong, it can be hard to undo. I tell them that I would rather write the word for them to copy, then have them have to write it onto their spelling list because it is misspelled. We use pencil, or erasable pen, for journal writing. When their entry of the day is done, I go back with them and check over it, and have my student correct his errors. Misspelled words go on a spelling list, that they practice daily and test on Friday.

These journals they are creating will be the record they pass on to their children and grandchildren. They are a keepsake, a personal history, a book of remembrance, a treasure. We want them to be perfect. Each year, at the end of December, we take that year’s journal entries and have them spiral bound at the printer. This only costs $1 or so, and it creates a treasured book that my children are proud of. This makes their writing meaningful and makes them eager to do their best, day by day, year round. I give them 2 pieces of colored cardstock to make the front and back cover for their journal, and then the whole thing is bound together. You can add their photo to the cover and have it laminated or have a protective plastic overlay page put on the front cover. These are so precious that the printer admitted to me that he had to just pause and read a few entries!

homeschooling-journalAll the while, the children are illustrating every journal entry. I encourage the use of crayon or colored pencils rather than markers, as they tend to disappear in a matter of years, particularly the washable ones. We have even used oil pastel chalks and watercolors for their journal illustrations. By the time a child is 8 years old, he has experimented in many art mediums and made hundreds of original creative drawings.

About 7 or 8 years old, I introduce the concept that each separate thought or idea gets a paragraph to itself. I teach them to indent each paragraph with 2 finger spaces. This is the beginning of paragraph writing. As I teach it, I remind my child to stop and think, “Is this a new idea? If it is, remember to indent!”. It is best to keep a close watch as this concept sinks it. Nobody likes to go back and erase and rewrite a whole sentence just to indent!

Around 8 years old, or whenever they express an interest and their manuscript printing is nice and neat, I teach them cursive. Then journal entries must contain at least one cursive sentence. As their skills improve, I require longer entries, and more of the writing to be done in cursive.

kidstalk1737This process continues, writing daily in personal journals, until they hit the teen years and want a private journal. At this point, they often want a topic to write on, as their daily doings will be recorded in their own private journals. The book my daughter Julianna created called, All About Me, is a good writing tool for this age. This is a write-in workbook that gives interesting personal topics to write about. When the book is finished, your teenager will have their personal history written! Another useful resource is the card deck called Kid Talk. Each card presents a concept or incident along with thought questions. These can be just the flash of writing inspiration that your student might need.

As long as my children are writing, I continue to check spelling, grammar, punctuation, etc. Research has proven that children learn best in the context of their own writing. Rather than do workbook pages, I want them to learn to edit and correct their own work, learning in the process! If you are rusty on these skills, and fear that you cannot correct their work, there are good English handbooks such as Everything You Need to Know About English or Writer’s Express, that can help you out.

It has been amazing to me how this daily plugging away at journal writing accomplishes so many things: neat penmanship, English skills, mechanics of writing, plus drawing skills while recording a personal history, and making a treasured keepsake for now and for future generations. I’d say this is one of the best things we’ve done in our homeschool!
­

Note: I organized this process into a program called K-5 Journal and Language Arts Program.

 

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Poor Writing

Photoxpress_44768981-300x199Question:

I could use some insights on how to get my kids to turn out better quality book reports and just writing in general.  My oldest is in 6th grade and the next child is in 3rd grade, and here we’ve done grammar and writing year after year and yet so many times in journal writing or book reports I don’t see what they’re learning taking hold in everyday usage.  I use Rod and Staff English books and I also switched to Winston Grammar for my 6th grader this past year, but like I said, when it comes to everyday usage they’re not getting it.  Help! 

Answer:

It is hard to bridge the stretch from English book exercises to applying the skills to your own writing. We see this in many areas daily as a parent. You can coach a child and teach him how to answer the phone, for example, but when the phone rings, all lessons seem to fly out the window. The only way children learn to apply the skills is to actually do it. Practicing answering the phone many times will finally result in the connection of what you have taught is a proper way to answer with the actual act of answering.

So it is with writing. Children have to write, write, write if they are going to apply the principles you teach them. I have my children write every single day in their school journals. Then I go over and help them correct their writing. This is essential. Uncorrected writing only reinforces poor writing. Your children’s writing should be done in pencil or erasable pen and any sloppy letters must be erased and rewritten. Spelling is corrected and recorded in a spelling section of their notebook. If they forgot to indent with a new idea, I have them erase and indent. It doesn’t take too long, correcting their work, for them to consciously start correcting their sloppiness and taking the time to look up words in a spelling dictionary, rather than have to erase at mother’s request.

Each child’s writing needs to be individually assessed and corrected, which is the beauty of homeschool. My son Ammon (7) writes very neatly so penmanship corrections are not an issue I make. If he makes paragraph errors (such as forgetting to indent with a new idea), I let them be at this point in his development. My aim with him is to reinforce complete sentences with proper punctuation and spelling. For Emily (9) however, I make sure that details are corrected. I watch for small penmanship errors as it is time to refine her cursive. With Julianna (14), together we discuss and correct her writing for awkward sentence structure, continuity of thought, overuse of adjectives and other advanced writing techniques.

Writing every single day is the necessary practice to turn English lessons into actual better everyday writing.

 

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Is it a “b” or a “d”?

Question:

My kids are having a hard time in reading and writing lower case “b” and “d” and are always mixing them up.  How do you help kids keep this straight?

Answer:

I teach them “b”.  Leave “d” alone—it will take care of itself once they learn “b”.

Have your child say the word “ball” with you—and then you write a “b” so they see it and make the connection.  Pronounce “buh” (the phonic sounds of “b”) over and over. Now, have your child reach up and touch your mouth when you dramatically enunciate “buh”.  You start with your lips tucked way into your mouth.  Run your child’s finger across the line your lips make when you are ready to say “buh”.  It is a definite line.  Write the line on the chalkboard in front of him.  Do it again, having him touch your mouth. Now have him write that line vertically on the chalkboard or paper.   That is the way a “b” always starts: with a line at the lips, and a line on paper.  (A “d” is written with the ball portion first, but don’t explain that—it just gets them confused. Just teach “b”).

When I taught “b”, I would watch my children silently writing and see them tucking their lips in to pronounce the ‘b” sound, and trace their finger over the line their lips make, and then write the stick line first on their paper. The rest comes more easily.  Saying “start at the top, down to the line, now up and around” can help walk a child through writing the letter “b”.   But knowing that memory clue of the line first, that matches the line on their mouths, seemed to help mine the most.

Once they totally master “b”, “d’ takes care of itself.  It’s just the opposite of “b”!

 

May I recommend:

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Remembering Phonics

ammonlouisa_firstgrade
Child Writing Backwards? Letter & Number Reversals

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My First Book of Lowercase Letters

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